Text for Letter from Adam Johnston to Luke Lea, 1851

              [Cover P. 1]

I54 I759

Bond of J. D. Savage & L. D. Vinsonhaler

[P. 2]

(left side) [California] I769

Adam Johnston Sub-agent Valley of San Joaquin Mercede River, Cala. June 24, '51

Transmit applications, bond & license of Geo. G. Belt as trader with Indians on Reservation between the Mercede & Tuolumne rivers, remarking as to the [Ch??sota], &c of Mr. Belt.

States, with reference to application of Black & Morgan, recd too (over)

Recd 7 Augt 1851 Ackn Aug 18th 1851

(right side) late by him for consideration, that he has placed them upon the reservation under license at 1000$ per anm from 10 June '51 & refer apology for irregularity in issuing license before transmitting it as required, may be found in necessity for an authorized trader among the Indns.


Valley of San Joaquin
Mercede River, California
June 24, 1851.


I have the honor to transmit herewith the application, bond, and license of George G. Belt, of Stockton, as a trader for the Indians upon the reservation lying between the Tuolumne and Mercede rivers. Mr. Belt has resided in California for several years, and is well known to the communily as an energetic buisiness man. His experience in the country and his business habits render him peculiarly fit for the position of trader in a community like that of California. The application was made on the 8th day of May last, but owing to my absence in the other reservations, I could not until now give it my attention. The bond, dated May 20, 1851, in the penal sum of $3,000, regularly filled up with William J. Howard and John M. Montgomery, of Mariposa county, as sureties, is approved by me, having entire confidence in its sufliciency.

There was an application of Black & Morgan which reached me, but too late for consideration. I have placed him upon the reservation, under the license, at $1,OOO per annum from its date, June 10, 1851. Hoping my apology for the hurried and irregular proceedings of issuing the license before transmitting it to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, as required by the second section of the act of June 2, 1834, may be found in the absolute necessity of placing an authorized trader among the Indians.

I remain your obdt servant,
Adam Johnston
S. Ind Agt
Valley of San Joaquin

Hon. Luke Lea
Washington City.